Where Taxpayers and Advisers Meet
Tax experts urge people to use their P60s to reclaim tax
08/06/2016, by Low Incomes Tax Reform Group, Tax Articles - Income Tax
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The Low Incomes Tax Reform Group (LITRG) is urging people to claim back tax deducted from savings income in past years now that they have received their P60s.

Background

Up until 6 April 2016, financial institutions like banks and building societies had to deduct 20 per cent basic rate tax from interest paid to individuals’ accounts, unless the person was a non-taxpayer and registered to have interest paid gross. This would have been done using form R85 for UK resident savers who were non-taxpayers in tax years up to and including 2015/16.

Claiming back overpaid tax on interest

Some people who have had tax deducted from their interest may be able to claim some or all of it back. For example, they might have been liable for some tax on their income (and therefore ineligible for interest to be paid gross), but if their total tax bill was less than the amount deducted by their bank or building society, they could claim back the difference. Or some of the interest might have fallen within the starting rate for savings on which they would have owed tax at 10 per cent up to 5 April 2015, or zero per cent thereafter.

Savings income in the new tax year 2016-17 – all change

The new method is quite different from the old system. From 6 April 2016, banks and building societies are no longer required to deduct basic rate tax from most interest payments. Also, basic rate taxpayers can now have tax-free savings income of £1,000 while, if someone’s total taxable income is £17,000 or less, they will not pay any tax on their savings income. It means most people can now earn some income from their savings without paying tax.

The new savings income rules from 6 April 2016 have their own set of complexities for some, but are good news for many people on low incomes as they will no longer have to reclaim tax on savings in future. The problem with change is that it can be confusing, and there is a risk that people will now forget to reclaim tax for earlier years thinking they no longer need to do anything – this is a worry.

NB There is a time limit on reclaiming tax for earlier years

People have probably now gathered much of their tax information for the 2015/16 tax year – for instance, employees should have received P60s from their employers by 31 May. A P60 summarises someone’s total pay and deductions for the year. This means now is a good time to check taxes up to 5 April 2016, and earlier years if necessary.

Even a small amount of tax deducted can be significant to people on low incomes. It is always a good idea to get your tax information together and, if necessary, claim back tax you should not have had deducted.

When checking last year’s tax, it is worth looking at earlier years, too. You usually only have four years to claim back overpaid tax. The earliest tax year for which you can now reclaim overpaid tax is 2012/13 – the deadline for which expires on 5 April 2017.

Useful links

LITRG essential guide to new savings and dividend tax rules
How to claim back what you should not have had deducted
How to claim back tax overpaid on savings income 

About The Author

The Low Incomes Tax Reform Group (LITRG) is an initiative of the Chartered Institute of Taxation to give a voice to those who cannot afford to pay for tax advice. LITRG comprises tax specialists from professional practice and the voluntary sector, from publishing and from HM Revenue & Customs, together with people from a welfare benefits and social policy background. Visit www.litrg.org.uk for further information.
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