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Where Taxpayers and Advisers Meet
Capital Gains Tax on Property: Changes from Next April
11/11/2019, by BKL, Tax Articles - Property Taxation
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BKL Tax provides a useful summary of some of the key GGT changes to property disposals from April 2020. 

On 6 April 2020, capital gains tax (CGT) on property is changing. This is likely to have a significant effect on the amount of tax you hand over to HMRC following a property disposal.

There will be three significant changes to the current legislation:

Lettings Relief

  • Currently: if a property is at some stage an individual’s main residence and also has a period when it was let, there is potential CGT relief on up to £40,000 of any gains. Where the property is jointly owned, each owner would receive the £40,000 relief.
  • From April 2020: this relief will only apply if the letting was undertaken whilst the owner(s) were living in the property.

Principal Private Residence Status

  • Currently: where a property has been a main residence for the last 18 months of ownership, even where you are not living there, this is treated as the principal private residence period and exempted from tax.
  • From 6 April 2020: this period will be reduced to nine months.

CGT Liability

  • Currently: where a CGT liability arises, this is reported via a tax return and paid by 31 January following the end of the tax year in which the disposal is made.
  • From April 2020: a provisional calculation of the gain will need to be submitted and the arising tax paid over to HMRC. The gain will still be reported on the tax return and adjustment can be made at this point. In reality, whilst tax may be calculated and paid at a rate of 28%, some of the gain may fall within the 18% yet this would not be known until the tax return has been completed.

If you are thinking of selling or gifting a property, we can assist you by determining the cost differences in doing so pre- and post-April 2020.

The New Legislation In Action

Here is an example of how significantly the CGT changes could affect a property that is jointly owned.

  • A property has been valued at £1m. It was purchased 20 years ago for £250,000. It was a main residence for the first 10 years and then subsequently let for 10 years.
  • Under the current CGT rules, CGT (at 28%) on a disposal would be £29,173 for each owner, due by 31 January 2021.
  • Under the new CGT rules from April 2020, the CGT (at 28%) on a disposal would be £44,231 for each owner, due 30 days after completion.

 

Old CGT rules: pre-April 2020

New CGT rules: post-April 2020

 

Owner 1

Owner 2

 

Owner 1

Owner 2

 

£

£

 

£

£

Proceeds

500,000

500,000

 

500,000

500,000

Less:

         

Original cost

(125,000)

(125,000)

 

(125,000)

(125,000)

Costs of sale (assumed 1.5%)

(7,500)

(7,500)

 

(7,500)

(7,500)

 

 

     

 

Gain

367,500

367,500

 

367,500

367,500

Tax relief:

         

Main residence relief

(183,750)

(183,750)

 

(183,750)

(183,750)

Final ownership period

(27,562)

(27,562)

 

(13,781)

(13,781)

 

 

     

 

 

156,188

156,188

 

169,969

169,969

Letting relief

(40,000)

(40,000)

 

0

0

 

 
 
   
 

Chargeable gain

116,188

116,188

 

169,969

169,969

Annual exemption

(12,000)

(12,000)

 

(12,000)

(12,000)

Gain on which CGT due

104,188

104,188

 

157,969

157,969

 

 
 
   
 

CGT at 28%

29,173

29,173

 

44,231

44,231

 

 
 
   
 

Due date

Up to 31/01/2021

Up to 31/01/2021

 

30 days post-completion

30 days post-completion

 

This shows that due to the change in legislation, the couple would be more than £30,000 worse off should the property be sold post-April 2020! So if you are thinking of selling or gifting a property, you will want to plan accordingly.

Our tax advisers can help you to determine the cost differences between a property disposal before April 2020 and a property disposal post-April 2020, helping you to make the right plans for your circumstances. To find out more, please get in touch with your usual BKL contact.

About The Author

BKL is a business name of Berg Kaprow Lewis LLP, Chartered Accountants and Tax Advisers, a limited liability partnership registered in England and Wales.

The information in this article is intended for guidance only. It is based upon our understanding of current legislation and is correct at the time of publication. No liability is accepted by Berg Kaprow Lewis LLP for actions taken in reliance upon the information given and it is recommended that appropriate professional advice should be taken.

BKL
35 Ballards Lane
London
N3 1XW
(T) 020 8922 9222 
(W) www.bkl.co.uk

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